Who on earth was the mysterious “Count of St. Germain”?

■サンジェルマン伯爵は、シェイクスピアでもあった?
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サンジェルマン伯爵(1707?-1784年)は、有名な割にその出自はよくわかっていませんが、18世紀のフランスに突如現れた社交界の人気者でした。一説には、スペイン王妃マリー=アンヌ・ド・ヌブールと貴族メルガル伯爵との非嫡出子とも言われ、また、ドイツの文豪ゲーテは、サンジェルマン伯爵の弟子だった、という説もあります。極めつけは、1784年の死後、実はシェイクスピアの著作を書いたというイギリスの哲学者フランシス・ベーコン(1561-1626年)に転生した、という都市伝説もあります。つまり、サンジェルマン伯爵は、シェイクスピアでもあった、ということですね。

■イエスキリストの最期に立ち会ったサンジェルマン伯爵?
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 有名なルイ15世やプロイセンのフリードリッヒ2世と親交を結び、庇護を受けたほか、フランスのサロンでは、「自分は2000年前に生まれたが、若返りの薬のせいでこんなに若い」とか、「アレキサンダー大王と親しく杯を交わした」、また「イエス・キリストの最期に立ち会った」(紀元33年頃)、「イエス・キリストに私の壮絶な最期を予言されたた」とか、「シバの女王と交流があった」、「シーザーのローマ凱旋に立ち会った」(紀元前47年)、「マリー・アントワネットの処刑に立ち会った」(1793年)などの、誰にも嘘とわかるような大言壮語を雄弁に語ったといいます。

■「カナの婚礼」を目撃した不老不死の錬金術師?
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ただ、単なるペテン師にしては、彼の知識は相当に深く、能力も多岐に渡っていました。聖書の「カナの婚礼」や「バビロンの宮廷」を巡る陰謀について、まるで目撃したかのように、詳しく語ることができたといいます。バイオリン、ピアノや絵画は当時の一流芸術家を上回る腕前。ヨーロッパ10か国語以上を流暢に操るほか、錬金術の知識も深く、金属を黄金に変えることができる。不老不死の薬を発明していた、とも言われ、そのため、2000年以上生き延びている。不老不死の霊薬以外は一切口にしない。

■1784年の死後も、伯爵の目撃は相次いだ?

1760年に、謀略によってフランスを追われますが、今度は、ロシアに現れオルロフ将軍の片腕になったり、また、ルイ16世とマリー・アントワネットが治める革命前のフランスに現れ、フランス革命(1787年-)を予言したとも言われます。サンジェルマン伯爵は、1784年に死亡したと言われますが、その後も、19世紀に入って、「ナポレオンに忠告をした」とか、20世紀に入って「第2次大戦でチャーチルが助言を受けた」とか、伝説には枚挙にいとまがないのです。 フランスの啓蒙思想家ボルテールは、1760年、フリードリッヒ2世にあてた書簡で、「サンジェルマン伯爵は、決して死ぬことがなく、すべてを知っている人物」と書いているそうです。また、フランスの作曲家ジャン=フィリップ・ラモーは、「何回かサンジェルマン伯爵に会ったことがあるが、数十年経っても、年齢は変わらなかった」と述べています。この「死ぬことがない」という人物は、一体何者だったのか。

■染色体の「テロメア」を一定の長さに保つ仕組みは?
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さて、2014年、面白いニュースがありました。染色体の先端部にあって、その長短が細胞の寿命に関係すると言われる「テロメア」。それが、その長さを一定に保つ(伸ばしすぎない)新たな仕組みを、関西学院大理工学部のチームが発見した、というニュースです。 通常の細胞は、分裂のたびに「テロメア」が少しずつ短くなり、一定の長さになると、細胞は分裂を止め、寿命を迎えます。「テロメア」の長さは、細胞分裂の回数を示す尺度(分裂時計)として機能しているわけですね。 ところが一方で、生殖細胞やがん細胞は、テロメラーゼという酵素の働きで、元の長さになるよう「テロメア」を修復するので、どんなに細胞分裂しても短くならない、つまり、一種の「不死状態」になるのです。

■たんぱく質「SUMO」が「テロメア」を一定の長さに保つ?
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関西学院大のチームは、「しかし、テロメアを元の長さに修復する際、なぜ元の長さ以上に伸ばしすぎないのか。なぜ元の長さに修復できるのか」というテロメアの仕組みについて研究しました。その結果、「元の長さまで修復が進むと、SUMO(スモ)というたんぱく質が、テロメアに付着しているたんぱく質と結合し、修復を進めていた酵素テロメラーゼをはじき飛ばし、それ以上の修復を止める」ということが明らかになりました。「テロメア修復のブレーキであるSUMOの存在がヒトでも明らかになれば、がん治療、ひいては若返り治療などへの応用も期待できる」というわけです。

■サンジェルマン伯爵は、「テロメア」の修復技術を開発していた?

 さて、件のサンジェルマン伯爵ですが、「彼が本当に不老不死の人物だったとすれば、彼は「テロメア」が短くならない特殊な遺伝子を持っていたのではないか。あるいは、自分が開発した薬で、この「テロメア」の長さを修復する技術を持っていたのではないか」という伝説があります。「イエスキリストの最期に立ち会った」のが「ほら」でなく、「事実」だとしたら、タイムマシンを発明し、自由に時空を旅行していたのかもしれません。 「信じる信じない」は、もちろん個人の自由ですが、18世紀のフランス国王や大思想家も認める「不思議な人物」が存在したということだけは事実のようですね。ちなみに、このFACEBOOKにも、「Count St.Germain(サンジェルマン伯爵)」のサイトが登録されています。サンジェルマン伯爵は死んだのではなく、不老不死の薬を飲んで、まだ生きているのかもしれません。

(出典、参照)
Wikipedia、サンジェルマン伯爵の謎、Historic Mysteries、Life Science Laboratory、米国科学アカデミー紀要ほか)

 Do you know anything about “Count of St. Germain”? I suppose you may have heard of his name at least once if you are interested in mystery or science fiction. This essay was once posted here on my facebook in 2014, but now I’d like to touch it up and post it again.

■Count of St. Germain was also William Shakespeare?

Although Count of St. Germain (1707?-1784) is so famous in history, the place and circumstances of his birth remain virtually unknown, but Count of St. Germain, who suddenly showed up out of nowhere in the 18th century France, entered the limelight and became a great favorite in French society circles. According to one suggestion, he was born out of lawful wedlock between Spanish Queen Marie-Anne de Neubourg and Comte de Melgar. One theory holds that Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, the German greatest writer of the time, was a disciple of Count of St. Germain. The high point of his urban legends is that, after his death, he transmigrated into Francis Bacon (1561-1626), a famous British philosopher, who allegedly wrote all the works of William Shakespeare. In other words, Count of St. Germain was also Shakespeare himself.

■Count of St. Germain was present at the scene of Jesus’ crucifixion?

 Allegedly he formed private friendships with Luis XV of the House of Bourbon, France, and Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor and head of the House of Hohenstaufen. It looks like he got special affection from them. In any glamorous salon (social reception) of the time, Count of St. Germain is reported to have told the following tall stories eloquently that readily turned out to be all sham : “I was born two thousand years ago, but I’m always so young due to my rejuvenating drug”, “I shared a toast of friendships with Alexander the Great”, ”I was present at the scene of Jesus’ crucifixion” (around 33 AD), ”Jesus Christ foreboded my own tragic end of life”, ”I came into close contact with the Queen of Sheba”, “I witnessed the triumphant return of Julius Caesar to Rome” (47 BCE)”, “I trembled at the scene of Marie-Antoinette sent to the guillotine” (1793).….

■He was really an immortal alchemist who witnessed the “Marriage at Cana”?

However, he had really profound knowledge of everything and demonstrated a too-wide variety of talent for a mere “impostor”. Just like a firsthand witness, he fluently told a detailed story about the “Marriage at Cana” appearing in the Gospel of John, the Bible, and about “some alleged conspiracy” concerning the Babylonian exile. He was also a better violinist, pianist, and painter than any other leading artists of the time. He not only spoke more than ten languages fluently but also had detailed knowledge of alchemy. He was allegedly capable of easily turning ordinary metal into gold. Allegedly he also invented an elixir of life, which, he once claimed, had allowed him to survive for more than 2000 years. Allegedly he never ate nothing but his elixir of life.

■Many people claimed to have witnessed Count of St. Germain after he died in 1784?

In 1760, Count of St. Germain was entrapped and exiled from France. In an interesting twist, he showed up in Russia and came into his own as a right hand of General Orlov. Reportedly he died in Germany in 1784. One legend says that, after he was allegedly dead, he wrote a letter to Luis XVI and Marie Antoinette before the advent of the French Revolution and predicted their tragic doomed destiny. Indeed, there were many legendary episodes left after his death - such as the following: ”In the 19th century, he gave some pieces of advice to French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte” or “In the 20th century, he offered advice to Sir Winston Churchill, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom”. In 1760, Voltaire, French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher, said in his letter to Frederick II, ”Count of St. Germain is someone who never dies and knows everything”. Jean-Philippe Rameau, one of the most important French composers and music theorists of the Baroque era said, “I’ve ever met Count of St. Germain a number of times, but any time I met him, he never seemed to have got older.” Who on earth was this mysterious immortal person - who “never dies”.

■What’s the system to keep the length of chromosomal telomeres constant?

Anyway, in 2014, I happened to read such exciting news. It was the story about “telomeres”, located at the end of each human chromosome, whose length is reportedly related to cellular life span or aging. Scientists at Kwansei Gakuin University in Japan have discovered a new mechanism that enabled telomeres to keep their length constant (not elongated too much). The more often “ordinary cells” are replicated, the shorter “their telomeres” become bit by bit. However, when a telomere is elongated to a designated limit of length, somehow, the cell stops its own division and outlives its usefulness. The length of telomeres functions as a measure to indicate the frequency of cell division, whereas germ cells or cancer ones never shorten however often they may divide because they always replicate their telomeres to an original limit of length by taking advantage of the effect of “telomerase” enzymes. This can be described as a system to incessantly maintain a state of “immortality”.

■SUMO proteins maintain the length of telomeres constant?

Scientists at Kwansei Gakuin University who have done research on the inner workings of “telomere” said : “However, when telomeres are replicated to an original limit of length, why can’t they get longer than they used to be?” or “What can restore them to their former limit of length?”. As a result, they have revealed the following fact: ”When a telomere is replicated to its former limit of length, first, SUMO proteins will bind to other kinds of protein attached to the telomere. Secondly, SUMO (Small ubiquitin-related modifier) will flick out the enzyme of “telomerase” which has promoted the restoration of telomeres. Thirdly, SUMO proteins will prevent telomeres from elongating any further.” If some “Sumo” protein’s preventive systems against any replication of telomeres can be found in the human body, it may prove to be very promising when they can be applied to cancer therapy - ultimately, rejuvenating treatment.”

■Count of St. Germain developed some technology to replicate telomeres?

Anyway, let us get back to the topic of Count of St. Germain. Legend has it : “If he had really been an immortal alchemist, he might have had some specific built-in genes that can prevent telomeres from shortening” or “He would have developed some technology to restore the telomeres’ length by using an elixir of life he invented.” Another legend says like this: “If his story about witnessing Jesus’ crucifixion had been not ‘false’ but ‘true’, he might have developed a time machine and traveled across space and time of his choice.” Of course, it is up to all individuals to believe it or not, but it seems to be a simple fact that there really existed a mysterious stranger for whom some great thinkers and kings of the time had to have a great regard. For your information, you’ll soon find that the site of “Count St. Germain” is enrolled on this facebook if you do a search for his name. Count of St. Germain might be not dead, but staying alive by taking his own rejuvenating drug or elixir of life.

(Sources, references)
Wikipedia, The mysteries of Count of St. Germain, Historic Mysteries, Life Science Laboratory, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, The strange Mystery of Saint Germain, the Immortal Count, Message To Eagle.Com, The Gods of Eden, The National Paranormal Society)